H1B 60 days Grace Period Meaning: The H1B 60 days grace period means that you will not be considered “out of status” for almost 2 months after your unemployment.
This will give you the opportunity to look for another employment or apply for a visa change of status.
You can stay in the US for 60 days if you lose your H1B job.
USCIS allows a grace period of up to 60 days for non-immigrant workers in E-1, E-2, E-3, H1B, H1B1, L-1, O-1, and TN status.
This article will discuss:
Grace Start Date with Severance Pay
H1B Grace Period Start Date with Severance Pay can be assumed to start after the severance period is over.
In some states like California, the state law makes it mandatory to give 60 days notice period to the employee along with the severance package. An employee is paid a salary but is not expected to work during this period.
Start counting the calendar days from your last day of work. You can use this calculator to find the 60th-day mark.
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As per RN law group attorney Emily Neumann, they have been able to count the severance pay period as a valid legal H1B time. This means that your H1B 60 day period starts after your severance pay period has ended.
Hear what immigration attorney Emily Neumann says starting at time 49:57 in this video chat:
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In this case of lay off, you will actually get 120 days (60 by state + 60 by USCIS).
The grace period will start immediately after the last day of employment.
There is no official USCIS form for requesting the H1B 60 grace period.
You can file a standard H1B transfer (change of employer or change of status) during the 60 day period.
If you want, you can add a cover letter with your application explaining the lay off situation. But, it’s not required officially by USCIS.
H4 EAD can work during the H1B grace period.
The H4-EAD is attached to valid H4 status, which in turn is dependent on valid H1B status.
In the 60 day grace period, USCIS allows the H1B worker to maintain the status even if he has lost his job and running no payroll.
This means that H4 status also remains valid for those 60 days. Hence, H4-EAD remains valid and H4 EAD spouse can keep working for those 60 days as per my understanding.
USCIS can deny or cancel the H1B 60 grace period.
The USCIS reserves the right to shorten or deny the grace period of an individual on the basis of violation of status, unauthorized employment during the grace period, fraud, or criminal convictions.
You can quit your job and then use the H1B grace period.
The official USCIS guidelines do not differentiate between a worker who is terminated and the one who resigns himself.
But, they do say H1B job Loss due to circumstances out of control of the employee. Hence, we STRONGLY advise against using the grace period by planning and resigning from your job.
You cannot travel outside the USA in a 60 days H1B grace period.
The whole idea of a 60 day grace period is to allow you to stay within the USA after the loss of employment. If you travel out of the USA, the grace period ends right there.
You would need a VALID visa to re-enter the USA again.
Once you leave the USA anytime during 60 day period or after, your H1B transfer application, if not already approved while you were inside the USA, will be approved only with consular processing.
This means you will have to get the Visa stamped in your passport to re-enter the USA.
60-Day Grace Period vs i94 Expiry
You get up to 60 days or until the expiration date of the current I-94, whichever period is shorter.
You can use this grace time to file:
You can file H1B to H4 change of status application if your husband or wife is currently on H1B. The better and faster option would go visit Mexico or Canada and get H4 visa stamping. You can then re-enter the US using H4 and then immediately apply for H4 EAD.
Some people also file H1B to F1 COS too. I strongly recommend not joining Day 1 CPT program in desperation to stay in the US though.
If you are fired by H1B employer and your i94 is valid for the next 28 days, you only get 28 days as your grace period. Full 60-day grace will only be available if you have longer i94 expiry.
Carry Over Un-Used Grace Period days?
The 60 day grace period must be used in one chance. Your un-used days cannot be carried over to another grace period.
60 Grace period single block is only available once per the H1B petition’s validity period.
- If you lose your job, use the grace period, and
- then file H1B transfer to get a new H1b sponsored job,
- you are eligible for using the grace period again if required.
- If you resign and rejoin the same employer A after say 45 days of grace period using the same existing H1B petition (no new petition was filed since you re-joined the same employer again),
- and then later the same employer A terminates you, while still on the same H1B approval,
- You don’t get another 60 days.
If an H1B extension had been filed and approved with employer A i.e. a new H1B approval validity period has started, then you are eligible for a new 60 days grace period.
You can start working with the new H1B Transfer employer as soon as you file a change of employer petition.
The ideal situation would mean that you should have received the USCIS receipt number.
Usually, if you send your H1B application by FedEx and USCIS has received it on or before the 60th day, you are allowed to start work. Check with your employer if they are okay for you to start working.
Transfer after 60 days
You can start working with a new H1B employer even if your H1B transfer was filed on the 60th day and you received the receipt number on the last day.
- If the petition is going to be filed on 61st day or you will receive the receipt number on 61st day or after, you should ideally go out of the USA by your 60th day and plan to re-enter the USA.
- After the 60th day, you are automatically considered ‘OUT OF STATUS‘ if you have not yet applied for H1B.
Multiple Transfer Filing
You can file multiple H1B transfer during grace period.
You can also file transfer with employer A and start working for them to get back into H1B status.
After the 60 day period, you can file another transfer to employer B and join them even when the employer A’s transfer is still pending. It is legally possible but the best option would be to first get employer A’s approval.
Old Employer H1B Visa Stamp
You can use the OLD employer’s visa stamp to re-enter the USA if the visa stamp is still valid anytime.
But, you should carry the new H1B transfer approval notice (i797 notice of approval) to be shown at the USA port of entry.
On the other hand, we strongly advise getting the new visa stamped in your passport with newly approved H1B to avoid issues at the immigration counter.