Interest earned on NRE Account or NRO Account is Taxable in U.S. including NRE FD, NRO FD interest.
You have to add all your income from India to your US income and pay taxes if you are a Green Card holder, PIO, OCI or legal resident (working on H1B, L1B, H4 EAD or any other work visa in USA).
The income includes the Indian mutual fund dividend too if you have invested in SIP (systematic investment plan) in India.
Indian banks do not issue Form 1099 INT for interest earned in NRE account. You are responsible for disclosing the foreign interest income on the US income tax form 1040.
Even US based banks do not issue 1099-INT if the total interest for the year in less than $10.
You have to pay US income tax on Indian NRO account interest income.
You can claim the TDS deducted by Indian bank from your NRO account as Tax Paid to foreign government on your US tax return.
You should convert your Indian savings bank account to NRO account after moving to USA.
Converting Indian savings account to NRO is part of Indian tax law and not USA. If you have lived outside India for more than 6 months, you are counted as a NRI (Non resident Indian) as per income tax laws.
The interest earned in Indian public PPF account is also taxable in US.
Calculate Dollar Amount for US Tax on NRE /NRO Interest
IRS publishes the exchange rate for all foreign countries as year-end treasury rates. Use this rate to convert Indian (or for that matter, any other country) to reach a USD amount.
It is possible that current year’s rate in not published by IRS. In that case, use the xe.com rate for the Dec 31.
If you earned total of 10,000 INR as NRE interest (add the sub-totals of all your foreign bank account’s interest), then your interest income in USD would be $143 if exchange rate is 1USD = 70 INR:
10,000 / 70 = $ 143
NRE/NRO Tax by Indian Government
NRE account interest income is non-taxable in India. Hence, no tax is withheld/deducted automatically by Indian banks.
On the other hand, NRO account interest is taxable at straight 30% plus applicable surcharges and Cess. You will be issued Indian TDS form form 16A by your bank for this tax deduction which can be claimed in US tax return as ‘foreign tax credit’.
US Tax Form 1040 – Foreign Tax Credit
File the US income tax form 1040 with online services like TurboTax, TaxAct, H&R block. We have also used e-file.com and their online federal returns software is as good as any other with more free filing options.
Irrespective of the tax filing service you use, you should fill up Schedule B to disclose your Indian income as foreign income.
Find the total amount of Tax (called TDS in India) deducted by bank (by looking at bank statements). Indian bank would also send you Form 16.
ICICI normally sends form 16 it by postal mail or email – if you have registered. The same may be available online for Citibank, SBI or HDFC India customers.
On the other hand, If you really paid any income tax, in your foreign (the tax might have been applied, if you are not from India) country, you should enter the information in appropriate section.
How to find total interest earned in Indian Bank for the year?
Almost all the banks in India pay out interest quarterly (every 3 months). You just need to pull out your each bank (e.g ICICI, SBI, HDFC, Kotak etc.) statement ending in March, June, September and December. Find the interest pay-out and add up.
Count March (of preceding year) interest as well. Remember, financial year in USA is counted from 1 Jan to 31 Dec whereas in India, it is 1 April to 31 March.